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Cholesterol Control: A Key Strategy for Preventing Heart Disease

Let’s face it, the majority of Americans are getting older. A baby boomer has turned 60 every seven seconds since January 1, 2006, and this trend is expected to continue for the next 19 years. This basic reality has far-reaching and far-reaching consequences for nearly every aspect of life in the United States, and, for that matter, practically all developed countries. (By 2050, the number of people over the age of sixty in China is projected to exceed 585 million.) This influence is felt most strongly in the field of health and wellness. Get the facts about Advanced Heart And Vascular Of Central New Jersey you can try this out.
Americans are becoming increasingly concerned about their health and survival in record numbers. For many people, this means a complete and abrupt reversal of years of living an unhealthy or even dangerous way of life. The airwaves and print media are filled with items for smoking cessation, weight loss, osteoporosis treatment and prevention, and erectile dysfunction. In reality, today’s prime-time television advertisements are almost entirely dedicated to promoting goods that target the over-60 demographic’s concerns. This is particularly true of cholesterol-lowering and heart- and circulatory-health products.

Heart disease, often in the form of atherosclerosis, or clogged arteries, is the leading cause of death in the United States, and cholesterol is considered to be one of the main causes of atherosclerosis by most experts. It’s no surprise, then, that cholesterol-lowering pills, nutritional supplements, and a variety of foods are receiving so much media coverage these days, or that these items are practically flying off the shelves of supermarket and health food stores, pharmacies, and online retailers.
What’s surprising is that, in their eagerness to increase their chances of living a long and stable life, so many people have overlooked determining which of these items are the most valuable and which, if any, pose significant risks. So, in order to enlighten a strangely naive, but somewhat frightened public, we’ve put together a basic overview of ways to lower cholesterol and improve heart health. This is not a comprehensive analysis of the research, nor is it intended to replace medical advice.

What is cholesterol, exactly?
Cholesterol is a necessary component of human biology. It is a part of all cell membranes, allowing essential compounds from the blood and lymphatic system to be transported into the cells. It’s also required for the production of bile, steroid hormones, and the sex hormones progesterone, oestrogen, and testosterone by the adrenal glands. Cholesterol is also required for the production of vitamin D. Cholesterol is produced in the liver and excreted in the intestines as bile; about half of this cholesterol is then reabsorbed into the bloodstream and returned to the liver via the blood. In response to an increase in serum cholesterol caused by a high-fat diet, the liver controls the amount of circulating cholesterol by reducing cholesterol output.

Cholesterol sources
Dietary cholesterol is the main source of cholesterol in the bloodstream, in addition to cholesterol produced by the liver. The amount of circulating cholesterol, on the other hand, tends to be more closely related to total dietary fat intake than to cholesterol intake. Diets high in animal fats, in particular, appear to raise total cholesterol in humans. Beef, pork, poultry, shrimp, egg yolks, milk, and cheese are all good sources of cholesterol. Polyunsaturated fats, also known as “Trans fats,” are commonly found in margarine and solid fats such as “Crisco” and lard, and they raise serum cholesterol significantly. Trans fats have recently been banned from all food sold in supermarkets and restaurants in the United States.
Cholesterol levels in plant-based foods are very low. Furthermore, phytosterols, which are cholesterol-like compounds found in plants, are thought to lower serum cholesterol. Flax seeds, flax seed oil, and peanuts all contain phytosterols.

Cholesterol varieties
There are two main types of cholesterol present in the human body, despite the fact that it comes in a variety of forms. These are referred to as “good” and “poor” cholesterol, respectively. (However, some research suggests that the distinction isn’t so clear.)
Cholesterol cannot be measured directly because it is not soluble in blood; rather, it is transported through the bloodstream on compounds called “lipoproteins.” As a result, the “HDL” blood test, which tests healthy cholesterol, actually measures a substance called “high density lipoprotein.” HDL is known as “healthy” cholesterol because it has the ability to remove cholesterol molecules from the bloodstream. Similarly, “LDL” stands for “low density lipoprotein,” or bad cholesterol. These are the particles that are thought to play a role in the progression of atherosclerosis. The ratio of these two substances, according to recent studies, is the best predictor of heart disease. Higher LDL levels and lower HDL levels are closely linked to atherosclerosis and an increased risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack or stroke, as well as peripheral vascular disease.